Tennis players are susceptible to injuries, just like all other sports. But the injuries that tennis players are prone to differ from other sports, say for example, an athlete or hockey player. Tennis elbow and wrist injuries are common. A common cause of tennis elbow and wrist injuries in tennis players and other racquet sports are prolonged use of the arms and shoulders and extremely tight grip during training. Two-thirds of tennis injuries are from excessive practice sessions. In non-competitive players, inappropriate technical training and insufficient warming up exercises are often a cause. One-third of non-professionals are injured due to traumatic injury. 

How to Treat Tennis Injuries

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is caused by overuse of the muscles around the elbow that stretch to the wrist. A great amount of pressure is required to strike the ball that advances in full force towards the racquet. It is important to strengthen these muscles with a proper warm-up to reduce the likelihood of injury. Make sure that the racquet is the right size and weight for you. Check the grip to ensure comfort. 

Rotator Cuff Injuries

Just as the wrist and arm are overused, so is the shoulder joint. The rotator cuff keeps the arm in place in the shoulder socket. When it is overused, the muscle can weaken with strain and the tendon can get inflamed, damaging the adjoining tissues. During overhead strikes, the shoulder can act up and hurt. It may also be difficult to sleep, lift things, push or pull heavy objects, even open a heavy door. It helps to flex and practice hand extending, strength and endurance training prior to the game to reduce the chance of injuries. The warm-up should combine a steady jog, jumping jacks or low-intensity biking. Swing around your arm in circles and stretch it for five minutes. 

Why are Warm-up Exercises Important?

Warm-ups, stretches and conditioning exercises increase blood flow to the connective tissues such as ligaments and tendons that hold the wrist bones together. There are nerves that run from the wrist to the innervated muscles in the hand that can get injured with prolonged use of the wrist. If you observe any swelling or inflammation, bruising or popping sounds, visit a medical professional at once. Treatment involves resting the injured hand, ice, compression and elevation (RICE). Mild wrist injuries may heal with pain killers and kinesiology tape solutions or a splint or brace. Severe injuries may require surgeries to repair the damaged tissues, after which a hand brace is required for support for a week or two. Physical therapy, k-tape solutions and hand exercises enhance blood flow and strengthen the muscles, aiding faster recovery. Wrist braces also prevent tennis injuries. Ensure you wear one during practice and training.

 

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